Raising Chickens: A Beginner’s Guide to Happy and Healthy Hens

If you’ve ever considered raising chickens, you’re in for a rewarding adventure that brings farm-fresh eggs and charming feathered friends into your life. I’m no expert, but I’ve been tending to my flock for a while now, and I’d like to share some friendly advice on how to get started and keep your chickens happy and healthy getting great eggs and having these amazing animals in your life.

Getting Started: Choosing Your Feathery Dream Team

Choosing the Right Breed

When it comes to raising chickens, the first decision you’ll make is which breed to choose. Some breeds are known for their egg-laying prowess, while others are prized for their ornamental plumage. Personally, I’d recommend starting with friendly and prolific layers like Rhode Island Reds or Sussex. They are perfect for beginners, thanks to their adaptability and good temperament.

Coop and Run Setup

Your chickens will need a safe and comfortable home. A well-ventilated coop with ample nesting boxes is essential. Ensure they have access to an outdoor run area for exercise and foraging. Remember, a happy chicken is a scratching and pecking chicken! 

Why not consider using reclaimed or repurposed materials to build your coop – it’s eco-friendly and budget-friendly!

The Raising Chicken Essentials

raising chickens for eggs

Feeding Your Feathered Friends

Chickens love to eat, and a balanced diet is crucial for their well-being. Invest in a good-quality chicken feed that meets their nutritional needs. Supplement their diet with kitchen scraps and treats like mealworms or corn for extra happiness. Just be sure to avoid feeding them anything toxic or harmful, like avocado or onions.

Fresh Water Supply

Never underestimate the importance of fresh, clean water. Chickens can’t thrive without it. Ensure a constant supply and consider using a waterer that prevents spillage and keeps things tidy. Invest in a sturdy waterer and check it regularly to prevent any blockages or contamination.

Feathered Social Life

Chickens are social creatures, and they thrive on interaction. Spend time with your chickens, talk to them, and even consider giving them names. Building a bond with your flock not only makes chicken keeping more enjoyable but also helps keep stress levels down – for both you and your feathery friends!

Coop Bedding

Chickens are messy creatures, and a clean coop is vital. Use suitable bedding materials like straw or wood shavings. Regularly clean and replace the bedding to prevent moisture buildup and odors.

Free-Range vs. Confined Living

One of the decisions you’ll need to make is whether to allow your chickens to free-range or keep them in a confined area. Both options have their advantages and drawbacks. Free-ranging chickens have access to natural forage, which can lead to tastier eggs. However, they are more susceptible to predators. Confined chickens are safer but require careful management of their environment.

Chicken Health Matters

Vigilant Health Checks

Monitor your flock regularly. Healthy chickens are active, alert, and have bright eyes. Check for any signs of illness, and be ready to act if something seems amiss. Consult a veterinarian who specializes in poultry if needed.

Parasite Prevention

Preventative measures are key to keeping your chickens parasite-free. Regularly deworm your chickens, and use appropriate treatments to deter mites and lice.


Practice good biosecurity to prevent disease outbreaks. Quarantine new chickens before introducing them to your existing flock, and limit access to your coop to reduce the risk of contamination.

The Joys of Fresh Eggs

raising chickens at home

Egg Collection

One of the most rewarding aspects of raising chickens is collecting fresh eggs. Establish a routine for egg collection to ensure they are clean and safe to eat. Store them in a cool place and use them within a reasonable time frame.

Sharing the Bounty

If your hens are laying more eggs than you can use, consider sharing the surplus with friends and neighbours. Fresh eggs make for fantastic gifts!


Raising chickens is a delightful journey filled with clucks, chirps, and farm-fresh eggs. By choosing the right breed, providing proper care, and maintaining a vigilant eye on their health, you can enjoy the company of these feathered friends for years to come. Remember, happy and healthy chickens are the key to a successful poultry adventure.


1. What’s the best chicken breed for beginners?

I recommend starting with friendly and prolific layers like Rhode Island Reds or Sussex.

2. How often should I clean the chicken coop?

It’s best to clean the coop regularly, at least once a week, to maintain a healthy environment for your chickens.

3. What should I feed my chickens?

A balanced chicken feed, supplemented with kitchen scraps and occasional treats, is the way to go.

4. How can I tell if my chicken is sick?

Look for signs of illness such as lethargy, droopy wings, or unusual behaviour. Consult a poultry veterinarian if you’re unsure.

5. How long do chickens typically live?

With proper care, chickens can live for 5 to 10 years, depending on the breed and their health.

Remember, raising chickens is not just about eggs; it’s about building a connection with your feathered companions and embracing the joy of backyard poultry keeping. So, roll up your sleeves, dive into the world of chickens, and enjoy the journey!

Avatar photo

David Gange

I love keeping and raising chickens in my back garden but when I started wow I wasn't sure on what to feed them how to keep them I loved the idea of eggs but where do you start? I will show you how!

More to Explore